The recent settlement on Internet radio royalties between Sirius XM Radio and SoundExchange provides yet another option for commercial webcasters trying to determine the royalties to be paid for the public performance of sound recordings. While the settlement is signed by just these two parties, it will be published in the Federal Register and be available for all commercial webcasters who comply with its terms – which will essentially be any webcaster who is not a "Broadcaster" as defined in the NAB Settlement, about which we wrote here. As set forth below, the royalty rates available under this settlement are slightly lower for 2009 and 2010 than those set by the Copyright Royalty Board back in 2007, but slightly higher than those available under the NAB settlement. However, in 2013-2015, the rates available under this deal are actually lower than those agreed to by the NAB, meaning that they present a better deal for webcaster expecting their audiences to grow in the next few years.
First, the most important issue – how much will it cost? As with the CRB decision, the NAB deal, and the Pureplay deal (about which we wrote here) as it applies to large pureplay webcasters, the rates established by the deal are based on a "per performance" charge. A performance is one song as listened to by one listener. So if a song is played on an Internet radio station subject to the deal and 100 people are listening at the time the song is played, there are 100 performances. The rates established by the deal are as follows:
Year Rate per Performance
These rates are two one-hundredths of a penny per performance lower than the CRB rates in 2009 and 2010, but one one-hundredth of a penny higher than the rates agreed to by the NAB for these years. The CRB has yet to set what is in effect the default rate – the rate that a party pays if they don’t elect to be covered by one of the other available deals – for 2011-2015. Under the NAB deal, the rates remain one one-hundredth of a penny cheaper than this Sirius XM deal in 2011. The NAB rates are identical to this deal in 2012, but the NAB rates are one one-hundredth of a penny more expensive than under this settlement for 2013-2015. Seemingly, webcasters electing this deal trade a slightly higher royalty now for one slightly lower in the future.
The deal also requires a yearly $500 per channel minimum fee, capped at $50,000. As in all other deals, this minimum fee is applied to the per performance royalties that the service incurs.
The deal must be elected by a webcaster currently in operation within 15 days of the date that this Agreement is published in the Federal Register – a shorter period than allowed under some of the previous deals. Once it is elected, a webcaster is bound for the remainder of the period through 2015, and not able to opt out should some lower rates be available under a future CRB decision (note that this is different than under the Pureplay deal, where a webcaster can opt out at the end of any year). Any party making the election to be covered by this deal must drop out of any litigation over the rates for 2011-2015. As is becoming standard on many of these deals, royalty payments and reports of use are due 45 days after the end of each month of operation.
One other important aspect of this agreement is that it can be used as precedent in the upcoming CRB proceeding for rates for 2011-2015. The NAB deal also has a similar provision, allowing it to be considered to be of precedential value. On the other hand, lower rates agreed to in the Pureplay and Microcasters deals are specifically labeled nonprecedential. We wrote about the concerns expressed to the Senate Judiciary committee about the ability of SoundExchange to dictate which deals are precedential and which are not, here.
Finally, it is important to note that this deal covers Sirius XM’s Internet streaming of its programming, not its satellite delivered music programming from which it received the bulk of its revenues. Royalties for the use of music in that programming is paid on a percentage of revenue basis of between 6 and 8% of revenues – a rate set by the CRB and recently upheld by the Court of Appeals. As we have written, the difference in these royalties is due to the difference in the standard applied under the Copyright statute to the determination of royalty rates for different services – leading to calls for "platform parity", as considered by the Senate last week.
All in all, for those webcasters who are not broadcasters and not pureplay webcasters, and don’t qualify as small webcasters under the Microcaster or Pureplay deals, this agreement may present some options for the future. Watch for its publication in the Federal Register in the near future.